Most eye problems are associated with disorders that occur within the confines of the eye. However, there are many vision problems that instead are related to the nervous system. Neuro-ophthalmology is a sub specialty of neurology and ophthalmology and requires specialized training and expertise in problems of the eye, brain, nerves and muscles.
A neuro-ophthalmologist, like Dr. R. Aouchiche, diagnoses and treats diseases of the visual pathways, such as optic nerve diseases, optic neuritis which is often seen in the context of multiple sclerosis or ischemic optic neuropathy, a circulation disturbance found in a disease of the elderly called temporal arteritis. These conditions represent ophthalmic emergencies and require prompt treatment to prevent total loss of sight.
Neuro-ophthalmologists also diagnose and treat conditions involving the ocular motor system which commonly cause diplopia (double vision) and encompass various disorders including thyroid disease, a muscle condition called myasthenia gravis and multiple circulatory conditions such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension.